"Steel Sector Careers"  - Blueprint for sectoral cooperation on skills

Towards an EU strategy addressing the skills needs of the steel sector: European vision on steel-related skills of today and tomorrow 


Final Report:

European vision on steel-related skills and supporting actions to solve the skills gap today and tomorrow in Europe



The study “European vision on steel-related skills and supporting actions to solve the skills gap today and tomorrow in Europe” was initiated to pursue the key priority actions identified by the European Commission in the framework of the Blueprint for Sectoral Cooperation in the steel sector. These included acquiring comprehensive knowledge on the current situation of the steel workforce with regards to skills availability and shortages as well as providing a state-of-play description of the different national education and training systems in seven target countries: Finland, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland and Spain. Information on these two aspects was gathered by engaging with key sector stakeholders, including industry representatives, trade unions, education providers, and public authorities. Additionally, the study provides insight into jobseekers’ perceptions of careers in the steel industry, suggesting which biases and challenges may affect their choice to take up such a career. Based on the research findings, the study proposes a series of recommendations on actions that can support skills development in the steel sector and increase the attractiveness of the steel industry among talented jobseekers. The study is complemented by two implementation roadmaps for bridging the skills gap in the European steel industry.


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The Challenge of Digitalization in the Steel Sector

Teresa Annunziata Branca, Barbara Fornai, Valentina Colla, Maria Maddalena Murri, Eliana Streppa  and Antonius Johannes Schröder 

Abstract: Digitalization represents a paramount process started some decades ago, but which received a strong acceleration by Industry 4.0 and now directly impacts all the process and manufacturing sectors. It is expected to allow the European industry to increase its production efficency and its sustainability. In particular, in the energy-intensive industries, such as the steel industry, digitalization concerns the application of the related technologies to the production processes, focusing on two main often overlapping directions: Advanced tools for the optimization of the production chain and specific technologies for low-carbon and sustainable production. Furthermore, the rapid evolution of the technologies in the steel sector require the continuous update of the skills of the industrial workforce. The present review paper, resulting from a recent study developed inside a Blueprint European project, introduces the context of digitalization and some important definitions in both the European industry and the European iron and steel sector. The current technological transformation is depicted, and the main developments funded by European Research Programs are analyzed.
Moreover, the impact of digitalization on the steel industry workforce are considered together with the foreseen economic developments.

Keywords: digitalization; digital technologies; digital transformation; steel industry; digital skills




Journal of Metallic Materials 2019, 71 (4), p. 2–11 2              DOI: 10.32730/imz.2657-747.19.4.1

Corresponding Author:

Wojciech SZULC




Łukasiewicz Research Network – Institute of Ferrous Metallurgy



The article presents the general characteristics of the European project implemented by an international consortium, which includes the Łukasiewicz Research Network – Institute of Ferrous Metallurgy. The project concerns the preparation and improvement of personnel for the steel sector in the face of the rapidly approaching industrial revolution 4.0: WORK 4.0 for STEEL 4.0. The article presents the first results of the project obtained in 2019, highlighting the Institute’s contribution. The four-year project (completed in December 2022) integrates the efforts in this area of a broad European consortium, consisting of 24 partners from 10 countries and 14 associated partners from 8 countries, in the ERASMUS + programme.

Keywords: steel sector, skills, Industry 4.0, blueprint




Co-funded by the Erasmus + Programme of the European Union
Agreement Number: 2018-3059/001-001
Project Number: 600886-EPP-1-2018-1-DE-EPPKA2-SSA-B
Last updated on: 15/07/2020 11:30pm